Discrimination in Employment, Housing and Public Accommodations

Social science research, surveys, and controlled field experiments consistently show that discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people has a negative impact in terms of health, wages, job opportunities, and productivity.  However, employer policies and practices can significantly minimize these negative consequences of discrimination.  Further, research also shows bias against LGBT people as they try to rent housing.


MPIPP has developed these fact sheets on the mental health impact of discrimination in the workplace and in housing. MPIPP fact sheets generally contain key points of representative research that is cited on the second page.



Shown here are examples of research and reports or surveys that address the psychological impact of workplace discrimination as well as research that supports non-discrimination workplace policies. The research shown is generally representative of a larger body of peer-reviewed research.  Please note that not all individuals or families are affected in the same way. Also, most of the reports shown here also have extensive bibliographical references that can be reviewed for a more complete analysis of this topic.

  • A Broken Bargain: Discrimination, Fewer Benefits and More Taxes for LGBT Workers. This report examines how job discrimination without legal protection makes it harder for LGBT workers to find and keep a good job; and how LGBT workers receive fewer benefits and pay more taxes, which puts LGBT workers and their families at risk. The report also offers recommendations for how federal, state and local governments, as well as employers, can reduce barriers to finding and keeping a good job and provide equal access to individual and family benefits. A Broken Bargain was co-authored by the Movement Advancement Project, the Center for American Progress and the Human Rights Campaign, in partnership with Freedom to Work, the National Center for Transgender Equality, the National Partnership for Women & Families, Out & Equal Workplace Advocates, and SEIU—and features a foreword by Small Business Majority. Available online at: http://www.lgbtmap.org/a-broken-bargain-full-report


This list of resources and organizations (in no particular order) is designed to enable our website readers to find other information on the topic being described. Many of the organizations listed here also have resource guides and information available on this topic. MPIPP does not recommend nor endorse organizations by providing helpful links nor can we list programs or projects of political parties.  If you are aware of other resources and links that are non-partisan and appropriate, please use the “contact us” page to send the link for consideration.


  • Unity Michigan. The Unity Michigan Coalition works to ensure that all Michiganders are treated fairly in the workplace by advancing nondiscrimination policies.  Website: http://www.unitymichigan.org/about/


  • OUT for Work.  This non-profit works to help prepare LGBT college and university students for the transition to the workplace.  More information is available at: http://outforwork.org/about/who.asp
  • Searchable employer data base for LGBT-inclusive policies and practices, compiled by the Human Rights Campaign as described here: “The most thorough information is generally provided by employers that have participated in the Corporate Equality Index survey. Additional information has been provided by researchers and government agencies across the U.S., as well as HRC members and other visitors to the employer database.”  For access to basic and advanced searches, go to: http://www.hrc.org/resources/entry/search-our-employer-database